Residential Traffic Calming Criteria and Procedures
The residential traffic calming program provides residents an opportunity to present a concern for traffic safety with respect to observed volume and speeds on neighborhood streets, and a formal method to study and evaluate, design, and install measures to mitigate these concerns.
This program incorporates the three "E’s" of traffic control: Education, Enforcement, and Engineering. Residents can actively participate through neighborhood committees providing education and awareness of the issues and potential solutions. Increased education and enforcement through spot speed enforcement and increased law enforcement visibility effectively cause self-enforcement of speed regulations. Where increased education and law enforcement have not made measurable improvement in speed reductions, then engineering measures through physical means may be the last resort to effectively reduce neighborhood speeds.
Procedure for initiating a neighborhood traffic study:
- An association or neighborhood representative should contact the City of Melbourne Engineering Department at (321) 608-7300 or submit a request form to request Traffic Calming.
- All traffic calming projects provide for and encourage citizen involvement. The engineering department maintains a close dialogue with neighborhood residents and works with them to develop an acceptable traffic-calming plan. A project can be undertaken only if it has the support of residents.
- Staff or consultant collects and analyzes data about the traffic issues that have been identified and presents the findings to the neighborhood representative. If criteria for traffic calming measures are met, Type 1 option alternatives will be examined. These are as follows:
- If criteria for traffic calming measures are met, Type 1 option alternatives will be examined. These are as follows:
- Type 1 Options
- Traffic Control Signage, Regulation Signage
- Striping edgelines, stop bars
- Request increased police presence
- Radar trailer program
- A follow-up study will be conducted within 45 days after Type 1 options are installed/performed. If Type 1 options are ineffective at controlling the undesired traffic conditions, then Type 2 options will be examined. Street segments that do not meet the qualification are not further considered for traffic calming unless there is a substantial change in the neighborhoods residential density, or additional roadway connections are built.
- To be eligible for physical traffic calming measures, a street must meet the following qualifications:
- It must be classified as a Local residential street abutting land use is at least 85% residential.
- It cannot be a designated fire response route or transit route.
- It cannot be more than two travel lanes wide.
- The street surface must be to current City standards, and maintained by the City.
- Streets must meet at least 1, 2, 3, & 4 of the following (Number's 5 or 6 may be substituted for #3)
- 500 minimum vehicles per day 3000 maximum
- 1000' minimum street length
- 85% of vehicles exceeding the speed limit
- A minimum of 65% of residents must give approval
- At least 3 accidents in 12 months where excessive speed was a factor
- A minimum of 25% cut through traffic
- Prior to installing any Type 2 option alternative, a majority of homeowners must concur with the recommended actions. A public meeting will be held to report on the survey results, identify the issues, and discuss possible solutions, including alternative designs. A "working group" may be formed at this meeting, consisting of people who want to take a more active role in developing the project. Meeting participants give staff ideas about possible solutions they would like to see pursued. The Type 2 options for consideration will be:
- Speed Hump or Bump
- Crosswalk Refuge
- Raised Sidewalk
- Center Island Narrowing
- Traffic Circle
- Textured Pavement
Definition of Traffic Calming
The Institute of Transportation Engineers has defined traffic calming as follows:
"Traffic calming involves changes in street alignment, installation of barriers, and other physical measures to reduce traffic speeds and/or cut-through volumes, in the interest of street safety, livability, and other public purposes."
- To improve the environment and livability of neighborhood streets by "calming" or regulating the impact of vehicular traffic.
- To promote safe and pleasant conditions for motorists, bicyclists, pedestrians, and residents of neighborhood streets.
- To encourage citizen involvement in the traffic calming process by incorporating the preferences and requirements of the people using the area along the street or at the intersection.
- To reduce vehicular speeds on residential streets.
- To improve real and perceived safety for non motorized users of the streets.
- To discourage use of residential streets by non-residential cut through vehicular traffic.
ObjectivesTo accomplish these goals, Melbourne has developed a step-by-step process to follow that provides both objectivity and fairness to identify issues and solutions and implement those changes. Individuals or groups are encouraged to present traffic safety concerns to city staff. Once problems are identified, relatively simple measures, or, Type 1 Options are considered and implemented to mitigate traffic concerns. If Type 1 Options do not correct the targeted issues, then more drastic and extensive improvements, Type 2 Options, are considered. Type 2 Options are physical measures to control traffic speed and volumes by installing physical obstacles that either slow or divert traffic.
Once all the criteria have been met, a public hearing before the City Council is held. If approved, and with adequate funding, the traffic calming plan can then be implemented.
Please send your completed request to:
City of Melbourne Engineering Department
900 E. Strawbridge Avenue
Melbourne, FL 32901