While most of Melbourne is located on the Florida mainland, a small portion is located on a barrier island. The Indian River Lagoon separates the mainland from the island. Spanning the Indian River Lagoon to connect the mainland to the barrier island are a pair of four-lane, high-rise bridges -- the Melbourne Causeway and the Eau Gallie Causeway.
Nearby incorporated communities include Palm Bay, West Melbourne, Indialantic, Melbourne Beach, Indian Harbour Beach, and Satellite Beach. Viera and Suntree, unincorporated communities, are also nearby.
The contemporary City of Melbourne is the result of a merger of the separate communities of Melbourne and Eau Gallie, both dating to the 1880's. An election allowed the consolidation under a common charter on July 15, 1969.
Today, the City is approximately 41 square miles in size, with about 75% of that land in use. The City of Melbourne population estimate was 77,101 as of April 1, 2012, according to the University of Florida Bureau of Economic and Business Research. The population of Melbourne continues to grow at a modest rate. Melbourne is located at the center of a much larger urban area.
Municipal government is
responsible for providing vital services to City residents. In addition,
drinking water services are provided to customers in a regional area that
includes several other municipalities. To accomplish its mission, the City
organization includes more than 800 employees.
The City Code and Comprehensive Plan are available online, as is the Geographic Information System.
Council members are Mayor Kathy Meehan; District 1, Mike Nowlin; District 2, Betty Moore; District 3, Yvonne Minus; District 4, John Thomas; District 5, Molly Tasker; and District 6, Vice Mayor Greg Jones.
Correspondence to Mayor and Council should be addressed to them at City Hall, 900 East Strawbridge Avenue, Melbourne, Florida 32901. The Mayor and Council members are listed with their telephone numbers. The City of Melbourne accepts Internet e-mail for the Mayor and all City Council members at . Additional e-mail addresses are maintained by the elected officials for their own use and provide the option of direct contact with those individuals.
The budget includes a $71-million General Fund to pay for day-to-day operations including emergency services, recreation and parks, and public works operations and projects. Income to the General Fund includes property taxes. The current property tax rate is 7.3126 mills, or about $7.31 per $1,000 in taxable property valuation. Costs of municipal services for Melbourne residents are the lowest among full-service cities in Brevard County.
Property taxes represent about 34.7% of the revenue that goes into the General Fund, and about 15% of the City's total revenue. Other revenue sources are varied, and include such things as permit fees, franchise fees, and a portion of gasoline taxes.
The City's capital improvement fund for the 2013-14 fiscal year is $9.6-million. The City operates a stormwater program that is funded through annual assessments of $36 per residential unit. The stormwater program budget is $2.3-million.
Two other City funds pay their own way. These funds receive no money from property taxes, and instead rely on charges and fees for income. They are the $51.8-million Water and Sewer Fund, and the $2.7-million Recreation Systems Fund for the two municipal golf courses. In addition, the Melbourne International Airport operates with a $17.7-million budget. A seven-member Airport Authority has responsibility for the airport, which is a municipal agency.
Income to the City also includes state and federal grants that allow operation of the Community Development Program. About $1-million in grants are to fund housing and community improvement programs during the budget year.